With paradoxical reasoning, we could consider the Volkswagen a posthumous success of Adolf Hitler, if it is true that “the people’s car” strongly desired in 1934 by the then German Chancellor of the Reich (“must not cost more than a motorcycle and consume little fuel ”) and built-in 1937 it proved to be the foundation of an industrial group with widespread, appreciated and“ popular ”products all over the world, almost eighty years later, as is the holding that brings together 12 international brands including Audi , Seat and Škoda. The vehicle for all that should have put together the concepts of “volk” (people) and “wagen” (car) was entrusted to Ferdinand Porsche and in 1938, two years after the examination of three different prototypes (a convertible and two sedans ), the foundation stone of the factory was laid around which a new industrial city in Lower Saxony, Wolfsburg was to rise.

The war, however, loomed and the Typ 1 project was converted from civil to the military, resulting in the birth of the famous Kübelwagen (“auto-tinozza”), a light transport vehicle for Wehrmacht officers, and the Schwimmwagen amphibian (“car that swims” ). With finite hostilities, the Volkswagen factory was reopened and production resumed, under the direction of Heinz Nordhoff and thanks to an Anglo-German joint venture of volitive men, embodied by Ivan Hirst, eldest of the British army, and by his son ‘art Ferdinand Anton Porsche (who in 1997 would have metaphorically sold the place to his nephew Ferdinand Piech, taking over from Carl Hahn and preceding the current CEO Martin Winterkorn). The Brand of Wolfsburg owes its success primarily to two vehicles, the Typ 1 or 1200, evolved in various ways with the nicknames of “Beetle” and “Beetle”, and the Golf, built in different series. The Beetle represented an improvement and an update of the pre-war project and proved to be an absolute success, having been marketed in 21,529,464 copies and for 65 years in a row, being assembled in Europe until 1978 and in Latin America the following year; the Golf came instead in ’74 and has so far been produced in seven series, including the 1979 Cabriolet, the last of which is 2012. In between, from that May 28, 1937, in which it was founded to today, Volkswagen produced a succession of cars and vans that were supposed to complement the “single-model” successes of Beetle and Golf.

From the Typ 2, a medium-sized commercial vehicle, to the sporty Typ 83 and, in the 60s, from the 1500/1600 and 411/412 to the K70, a mid-wheel sedan with front-wheel drive and water-cooled engine. The following decade brought with it a significant turning point thanks to the engagement as designer of the young and bubbly Giorgetto Giugiaro and to the diffusion of front-wheel drive, which materialized in the Passat (1973), heir of the K70, the Scirocco coupe (1979), the ‘Utitaria Polo (1975), to which the Corrado was added between 1988 and 1995. There followed the drunkenness of models of the last decade of the century, with little Lupo in 1998 (twin of the Seat Arosa, with whom he shared the floor) , the family versions, called Variant, of Golf (1994) and Polo (1997), the W12 concept car and the large Sharan MPV of 1995, as well as the Vento (1992) and the Bora (1999), respectively third and fourth series of the former Jetta.

The new millennium also propitiated the introduction of the TDI turbodiesel engines with injector-pump technology, while in 2001 the FSI direct injection petrol, the Phaeton flagship in 2002, equipped with the same floor as the Audi R8, the Toureag SUV, relative arrived. narrow of the Audi Q7 and Porsche Cayenne, the Cabrio version of the New Beetle and the 7-seater Touran minivan (2003), the Fox, the “daughter” of the Lupo, the “new” Jetta, the Plus model of the Golf (2005), the Eos (2006), the TSI twin-charged engines and the Cross versions of Polo, Golf and Touran, the compact SUV Tiguan, the Up concept cars! and Space Up! (2007), the Passat CC and the new edition of the Scirocco (2008), the fifth series of the Polo (2009), which the following year became the second Volkswagen car to earn the “Car of the Year” award after the Golf III in 1992, plus the new Beetle, which looks at the shapes of the 1930s, and the Up! of 2011.

The VW giant, as represented in the famous blue and white company symbol as well as in the slogan “Das Auto” (or “The Auto”), was not immune to sporting temptations: from the Vee formulas and Super Vee training of the Years 60 and 70, a school where pilots like Niki Lauda, ​​Jochen Mass, Nelson Piquet, Jochen Rindt and Keke Rosberg were trained and many others, at the Polo, Lupo and New Beetle single-brand stores, from the supply of engines for Formula 3 to the official commitment in the Rally-Raid with the Touareg and the models that preceded it (winning the 2001 Dakar with the lady Jutta Kleinschmidt, 2009, 2010 and 2011), from rallies with the Golf (1981) to the Trans-Am Series Yankee with the Scirocco (

UP, Polo, Golf, T-Roc, Tiguan, Touran, Caddy, Passat, Amarok, Touareg, Sharan